10 Practical Strategies to Avoid Overthinking and why it is the Leading Cause of Unhappiness.

Murat Durmus (CEO @AISOMA_AG)
3 min readDec 6, 2023

Overthinking is the mind’s Pandora’s box, unleashing a swarm of worries, doubts, and hypotheticals, each more menacing than the last. It’s like a mental quicksand; the more you struggle, the deeper you sink. As Descartes might have mused, “I think, therefore, I am miserable.”

The essence of unhappiness in overthinking lies in its distortion of time and reality. We become time travelers, haunted by the ghosts of past mistakes and future anxieties. The present, our only actual reality, becomes a blurred, neglected backdrop. Seneca wisely noted, “We suffer more often in imagination than in reality.” In overthinking, we build intricate labyrinths of ‘what-ifs’ and ‘should-haves,’ becoming lost within them, unable to appreciate the simplicity and beauty of the now.

In addition, excessive overthinking creates a false sense of control. We tend to believe that by analyzing every possible scenario, we can avoid any challenges that life may bring. However, this approach is endless and ultimately futile, as life is inherently unpredictable and uncontrollable. It’s like trying to hold onto a river — the more we try to control it, the more it slips away from us.

In this constant over-analysis, we also lose touch with our intuitive selves. Life’s spontaneous, joyful essence is dulled when filtered through endless layers of thought. As Lao Tzu might advise, “By letting go, it all gets done. The world is won by those who let it go.” In overthinking, we forget to live, feel, and experience life in its unadulterated form.

Overthinking is the art of creating problems that weren’t even there. It’s a mental alchemy that turns gold into lead, joy into sorrow. The antidote? Perhaps it lies in embracing uncertainty, finding peace within the unknown, and cherishing the present moment, imperfect and fleeting as it may be. In the end, as the stoics suggest, it’s not what happens to us but how we react to it that matters. And sometimes, the bravest reaction is not to think at all but simply be.

At the following, ten practical strategies to avoid overthinking:

  • Embrace the Present: Cultivate mindfulness. Like a Zen master, focus on the here and now. The past is a memory, the future a mystery, but the present is a gift. That’s why it’s called the ‘present.’
  • Accept Uncertainty: Life is as unpredictable as a Kafka novel. Learn to dance in the rain of uncertainty rather than wait for the storm to pass.
  • Limit Decision Time: Set boundaries for decision-making. As Voltaire mused, “The perfect is the enemy of the good.” Sometimes, good enough is just that — good enough.
  • Act, Don’t Overthink: Remember Nike’s slogan, “Just do it”? There’s wisdom there. Action often clears the fog created by overthinking.
  • Practice Gratitude: Channel your inner Epicurus and focus on the simple joys. Gratitude turns what we have into enough and more.
  • Engage in Physical Activity: As the body moves, the mind unwinds. Physical exertion can be a release valve for mental pressure.
  • Seek Perspective: Talk to others, write in a journal, or engage in creative pursuits. Sometimes, externalizing thoughts helps us see them for what they are — just thoughts.
  • Limit Information Intake: In an age where information is as abundant as air, learn to breathe selectively. Too much information can lead to analysis paralysis.
  • Practice Self-Compassion: Be kind to yourself. Remember, to err is human; to forgive is divine.
  • Mindful Meditation: Like a stoic, train your mind to be still. Meditation can be a sanctuary from the storm of overthinking.

To avoid overthinking, one must balance reflection and action, between what is and what could be, with philosopher’s grace and sage’s pragmatism.




Murat Durmus (CEO @AISOMA_AG)

CEO & Founder @AISOMA_AG | Author | #ArtificialIntelligence | #CEO | #AI | #AIStrategy | #Leadership | #Philosophy | #AIEthics | (views are my own)