8 Definitions of Artificial Intelligence

The following are eight well-known definitions of artificial intelligence:

“[The automation of] activities that we associate with human thinking, activities such as decision-making, problem-solving, learning …”

(Bellman, 1978)

“The exciting new effort to make computers think … machines with minds, in the full and literal sense”

(Haugeland 1985)

“The study of mental faculties through the use of computational models”

(Chamiak and McDermott, 1985)

“The art of creating machines that perform functions that require intelligence when performed by people.”

(Kurzweil, 1990)

“The study of how to make computers do things at which, at the moment, people are better.”

(Ritch and Knight, 1991)

“The study of the computations that make it possible to perceive, reason, and act.”

(Winston 1992)

“Computational Intelligence is the study of the design of intelligent agents.”

(Poole at al. 1998)

“AI … is concerned with intelligent behaviour in artefacts.”

(Nilsson, 1998)

Source: (Russell and Norvig 2016)



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Murat Durmus (CEO @AISOMA_AG)

Murat Durmus (CEO @AISOMA_AG)


CEO & Founder @AISOMA_AG | Author | #ArtificialIntelligence | #CEO | #AI | #AIStrategy | #Leadership | #Philosophy | #AIEthics | (views are my own)