What about a Critical Thinking Framework for AI?

Murat Durmus (CEO @AISOMA_AG)
3 min readSep 18, 2023
What about a Critical Thinking Framework for AI? — Murat Durmus

Why is critical thinking so essential when it comes to AI?

Strong critical thinking skills are crucial for the responsible development, deployment, and use of AI. It allows individuals to approach AI technologies with careful consideration and a deep understanding, which can help promote AI’s positive impact on society while minimizing potential risks. As AI continues to evolve, developing and nurturing critical thinking skills will be essential to shaping a future where AI benefits all.

A structured critical thinking framework can guide students in analyzing AI-related issues, making informed decisions, and addressing complex problems. Below is a suggestion of what points a framework for critical thinking might include:

Define the Framework Components:

  • Identify the key components of your critical thinking framework. These include critical questions, stages of critical thinking, or specific thinking skills.

Questioning Techniques:

  • Teach students to ask critical questions about AI systems, such as:”What is the problem AI aims to solve?””What data is used, and how is it collected?””Are there any potential biases in the data?””How transparent is the AI system’s decision-making process?”

Stages of Critical Thinking:

Introduce students to the stages of critical thinking, which typically include:

  • Identification: Recognizing AI-related problems or ethical dilemmas.
  • Research: Gathering information and relevant data.
  • Analysis: Evaluating the information and data objectively.
  • Reflection: Reflecting on one’s own biases and values.
  • Decision-Making: Formulating well-reasoned decisions or solutions.
  • Communication: Effectively conveying findings and decisions to others.

Thinking Skills:

Highlight specific thinking skills that are valuable in the context of AI, such as:

  • Analytical Thinking: Breaking down complex AI systems or issues into manageable components.
  • Critical Evaluation: Assessing the credibility and reliability of AI-related information.
  • Creative Problem-Solving: Encouraging students to propose innovative solutions to AI-related challenges
  • Ethical Reasoning: Considering the ethical implications of AI applications.
  • Systems Thinking: Understanding the broader context and interconnectedness of AI within society.

Case-Based Learning:

  • Apply the framework to real-world AI case studies. Have students work through these cases using the critical thinking framework, guiding them to analyze, evaluate, and propose solutions.

Practical Exercises:

  • Provide exercises and assignments encouraging students to use the framework when discussing AI issues or making decisions. These exercises can be both individual and collaborative.

Feedback and Reflection:

  • Please encourage students to reflect on their critical thinking processes after completing assignments or case studies. How did they apply the framework, and what insights did they gain? Provide constructive feedback to help them improve.

Iterative Approach:

  • Recognize that critical thinking is a skill that improves with practice. Encourage students to revisit and refine their thinking processes throughout the course.

Integration with Other Topics:

  • Integrate the critical thinking framework into other course topics, such as ethics, bias, data literacy, and AI technologies. This reinforces the practical application of critical thinking skills.

By integrating a critical thinking framework into your AI essential thinking course, you can help students approach challenges related to AI with a structured and analytical mindset. This approach can improve their comprehension of AI, equip them to make informed decisions, and participate in meaningful discussions about AI technologies’ ethical and societal impacts.

Many are concerned about the lack of AI Experts.

The lack of Critical Thinkers is even more alarming.

~ Murat Durmus




Murat Durmus (CEO @AISOMA_AG)

CEO & Founder @AISOMA_AG | Author | #ArtificialIntelligence | #CEO | #AI | #AIStrategy | #Leadership | #Philosophy | #AIEthics | (views are my own)